Sunday, 25 September 2011

Famous women firsts

Famous women firsts
Famous women firsts, History is full of pioneering women who fought for the right to use their talent and intellect in male-dominated fields. Today we look back at other famous women's firsts.

Phillis Wheatley
Her 1767 historic first? Phillis Wheatley first African American published poet
Originally from this area of Africa, Wheatley rose from slavery to become a successful author, opening doors for both black and women writers. It wasn't an easy task; she had to prove her authorship in court and travel to London to get printed, since this bustling American city refused to publish her work. Phillis Wheatley first African American published poet, phillis wheatley list of works, phillis wheatley defend her literary ability in court, Phillis Wheatley slave,
Elizabeth Blackwell
Her 1849 historic first?
Blackwell was accepted to a New York college as a practical joke, but she went on to become a pioneer in the medical field despite formidable obstacles. Her moving story inspired a 1950s TV drama. Elizabeth Blackwell first female doctor in the united states, Geneva Medical College, Elizabeth Blackwell quaker, elizabeth blackwell admitted college as practical joke , elizabeth blackwell obstacles,
Mary Edwards Walker
Her 1865 historic first? Mary Edwards Walker first woman to receive Medal of Honor,
During the Civil War, she became a prisoner of war after being captured behind enemy lines. She also became the first -- and only -- woman to receive this honor. Mary Edwards Walker farming family in Oswego, New York, mary edwards walker taken prisoner in 1864 by Confederate troops , medal of honor definition, +Mary Edwards Walker first woman U.S. Army surgeon,
Victoria Woodhull
Her 1872 historic first?
A controversial feminist, she ran for the top office under a newly formed party, even though women didn't yet have the right to vote. Her eccentric life included getting arrested just days before the election. Victoria Woodhull first woman to run for president, Victoria Woodhull spiritualist, victoria woodhull arrested days before election publishing an obscene newspaper, Victoria Woodhull controversial,
Belva Lockwood
Her 1879 historic first?
This fearless attorney went from being a farmer's wife to getting an education, and becoming one of the first female lawyers to accomplish this feat. She participated in arguing in the case of Kaiser v Stickney. As if that wasn't enough, she ran for president -- twice. Belva Lockwood first female attorney argue a case before supreme court, Belva Lockwood 14 teaching elementary school, Belva Lockwood first female attorney argue a case before supreme court, Kaiser v. Stickney Belva Lockwood, belva lockwood two presidential campaigns, belva lockwood 4,100 votes,
Marie Curie
First woman to win a Nobel Prize
This brilliant scientist shared the coveted prize with her husband for their work in this field, then went on to win another for her discoveries in chemistry, making her the first person to win in two fields. Her inspiring story was made into a biographical film, starring a talented 1940s actress. Marie Curie early life warsaw, marie curie nobel prize physics, marie curie nobel prize chemistry discovery of radium and polonium,
Edith Wharton
First woman to win a Pulitzer Prize
Her revealing novel about upper-class New York City residents netted her a distinguished honor. Wharton also wrote short stories, to both popular and critical acclaim. edith wharton wealthy New York family privileged class, edith wharton bibliography,
Gertrude Ederle
First woman to swim the English Channel
Even though the conditions were tricky, this Olympian swam an impressive 21 miles from France to England. Ederle set a world record, breaking the men's record by more than two hours. Gertrude Ederle daughter german immigrant butcher, gertrude ederle high winds 20-foot waves, gertrude ederle three olympic medals, gertrude ederle 14 hours 31 minutes,
Amelia Earhart
First woman to fly solo over the Atlantic
This legendary aviator accomplished several flying feats, then disappeared in her attempt to fly around the world. A recent movie, starring this actress, details her extraordinary life. Amelia Earhart Kansas tomboy
Frances Perkins
First woman Cabinet member
This president believed in her abilities when he appointed her to a prestigious government post. Perkins proved more than capable and was instrumental in the development of the New Deal, the Social Security Act and child labor laws. frances perkins worcester, frances perkins child labor laws, social security act 1935,
Althea Gibson
First African-American female Wimbledon champion
Dubbed the "Jackie Robinson of tennis," Gibson broke race barriers when she bravely competed in a segregated sport. She not only took Wimbledon twice but also acquired 11 major titles and earned herself a ticker-tape parade, Althea Gibson harlem, Althea Gibson eleven major titles,
Shirley Chisholm
First African-American woman elected to Congress
Chisholm worked tirelessly in this congressional district before paving the way for future political hopefuls when she ran for president on the Democratic ticket, despite assassination attempts. Watch footage of some of her poignant speeches during her candidacy. Shirley Chisholm barbados, Shirley Chisholm pave way for obama clinton, shirley chisholm 152 votes,
Diane Crump
First woman jockey to ride in the Kentucky Derby
Although small, she could handle a horse as well as any man. Crump was the first woman to ride in a pari-mutuel race and also the first to ride in the famed Kentucky Derby with her horse Fathom. Diane Crump thoroughbred horse farm, diane crump 4'10'' 105 pounds,
Barbara Walters
First woman network news anchor
Breaking into a male-dominated field, Walters became well known for her one-on-one interviews with world leaders and celebrities. Her daytime talk show is celebrating its 15th anniversary this year. Barbara Walters nightclub,
Junko Tabei
First woman to climb Mount Everest
People tried to persuade her not to go, telling her that women couldn't climb the world's highest mountain, but Tabei showed them they were wrong. She also became the first woman to climb the world's seven highest peaks. Junko Tabei mt nasu teacher 10 years old, 7 highest peaks,
Janet Guthrie
First woman to compete in the Indianapolis 500
Guthrie had the need for speed when she broke into a testosterone-charged world. Although she encountered problems at the Indy 500, she finished as the "Top Rookie" at the Daytona 500. Janet Guthrie florida school for girls, janet guthrie finished 29th with engine troubles, janet guthrie top rookie,
Sandra Day O'Connor
First woman justice of the U.S. Supreme Court
Nominated by this president, O'Connor served 24 years on the court, often providing the swing vote to decide controversial cases. Even with great credentials, her career got off to a rocky start. But she overcame the odds to become a prominent figure in American judicial history. Sandra Day O'Connor growing up cattle ranch,
Sally Ride
First American woman in space
Ride was looking for work in astrophysics when she answered an ad seeking applicants for the NASA space program. She boarded the Space Shuttle Challenger on June 18, 1983, as the youngest astronaut in NASA's history and the first American woman in space. Sally Ride nationally ranked tennis player,
Joan Benoit
First woman to win an Olympic marathon
The year women were first allowed to run marathons in the Olympics Benoit came away with the gold. The world record-holder shocked spectators by doing incredibly well just days after this surgery. Joan Benoit long-distance running to help recover from a broken leg, joan benoit 17 days after knee surgery,
Nancy Lieberman
First woman to play pro men's basketball
This basketball star played with a professional men's team and became the first female pro basketball coach for this team. The Hall of Famer still had her game on at 50, when she booked a seven-day contract with the Detroit Shock. Nancy Lieberman pickup teams, "springfield fame" usbl, Nancy Lieberman lady magic,
France A. Córdova
First female chief scientist at NASA
Córdova was not only the first woman to hold a prestigious NASA position she was also the youngest person. She has been awarded NASA's highest honor and was named one of the "100 Most Influential Hispanics" by this magazine. frances anne cordova oldest of 12 children, NASA Chief Scientist, NASA Distinguished Service Medal, cordova Hispanic Business Magazine,
Madeleine Albright
First female secretary of state
Appointed by this president, Albright became the highest-ranking woman in federal government history. She wielded her influence by shaping foreign policy and had an unusual diplomatic trademark, the use of which began with a special message to Saddam Hussein. Madeleine Albright prague, albright highest ranking woman, madeleine albright jeweled brooches, madeleine albright saddam hussein snake,
Lisa Leslie
First woman to dunk in professional basketball, It was a sight to behold when Leslie soared through the air to make history. The four-time gold medal Olympian spent 12 years with this team and earned the honor of becoming the first WNBA player to score 5,000 points. Lisa Leslie middle school boys team, lisa leslie gold medals, leslie first to score 5,000 points,
Kathryn Bigelow
First woman to win an Oscar for best director, It was a landmark day when Bigelow won an Oscar. Her winning movie, which was based on a journalist's war experiences, garnered great reviews. Kathryn Bigelow painting,

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